C# Dùng Để Làm Gì

The C programming language was originally developed for và implemented on the UNIX operating system by Dennis Ritchie. The C language, which is quite simple, is not tied lớn any particular hardware or system. This makes it easier for a user to write programs that will run without many (or any) changes on practically all machines.

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The C language is often called a middle-cấp độ computer language as it combines the elements of high-màn chơi languages with the functionalism of assembly language. C programming allows the manipulation of bits, bytes, and addresses—giving the programmer more control over exactly how the program will behave và more direct access lớn the mechanics of the underlying hardware.

C was created, influenced, & field-tested by working programmers. The end result is that C gives the programmer what the programmer wants.

C++ is an enhanced version of the C language. C++ includes everything that’s part of C and adds tư vấn for object-oriented programming (OOP). In addition, C++ also contains many improvements & features that make it a “better C,” independent of object oriented programming.

The C++ language is actually extensible since we can define new types in such a way that they act just like the predefined types which are part of the standard language.

If you just use C++ as a better C, you will not be using all of its power. Like any chất lượng tool, C++ must be used the way it was designed to be used lớn exploit its richness. Some of the new features include encapsulation, inline function calls, overloading operators, inheritance, & polymorphism.

Why would I want to learn C or C++?

C & C++ are still two of the most popular programming languages out there. The syntax và concepts of C, especially, has stood the test of time, & you can see them being carried on khổng lồ other popular programming languages, even the modern ones, such as Go.

Even if you are going to build web applications or fancy website front-over components for the rest of your life, learning C will help you underst& how software & hardware actually interact.

Besides, C and C++ are everywhere.

C in particular powers a lot more công nghệ than we give sầu it credit for.

On the other h&, some of your favorite software - possibly even the web browser you are reading this article on—is built on C++. Knowing C is a good base, but in many cases, software development will require you khổng lồ learn C++ and its paradigms.

If you want to develop software that needs khổng lồ make the most out of a computer’s performance và capabilities—high-over desktop games, sophisticated productivity tools, or complex computationally intensive programs, for instance—or if you just want a programming language that lets you interact with a computer’s hardware directly, C and C++ are the languages for you.

So, why would you not want to learn C++ or C? It’s not like 25 years ago, when you might have sầu had to invest in a proprietary compiler khổng lồ get started—today you can certainly learn C++ free.

How can I get started with C & C++?

To get started with C or C++, what you’ll want in most cases, at the very least, is a compiler—although nowadays you can also learn C online by experimenting a bit with “hello world” C projects in-browser.

Compilers are programs that can be run through command-line interfaces (CLIs). They read the entire program và convert it inlớn object code, which is a translation of the program source code inlớn a khung that the computer can exexinh tươi directly.

To make life easier, you can go for full-fledged IDEs that can make your experience with C or C++ even more pleasant.


There are a lot of good compilers available on Windows.

On Windows, Visual Studio provides a C++ compiler.

The compiler can also build C programs.

Visual Studio comes with its own powerful, feature-rich IDE, making it a neat choice for anyone getting started with C or C++ or someone primarily targeting the Windows platsize.

If you are looking for something more standard compliant, GCC (MinGW) might be what you need. The Codeblocks IDE works exceptionally well in this setup.

Clang, too, is now a formidable choice on Windows—it’s even used to lớn build Google Chrome nowadays.

Other cross-platsize IDEs exist, such as Eclipse CDT, Jetbrains CLion, & Netbeans, that provide fully functional C & C++ development environments. Lately, however, these are being eclipsed (pardon the irony) by Visual Studio Code, which is also available for Linux and Mac environments.


If you are on Linux, you probably have GCC installed as a part of your distribution already. If not, installing it should be just a matter of a single command:

# Ubuntusuvày apt-get install build-essential# Fedorasuvày yum install gcc gcc-c++# Arch Linuxsuvì chưng pacman -S base-develThe Codeblocks IDE & Eclipse CDT work equally well on Linux as they vì on Windows.

Mac / Mac OS X / OS X / macOS

On a Mac you can use Clang or GCC—both are available for không tính tiền. While GCC has tư vấn for a wider range of C and C++ standards, Clang will work fine for most cases.

Clang should already be installed.

You can install GCC using Homebrew:

brew install gccYou can use XCode, a great IDE that is a part of the Mac OS developer tools.

What are some good tutorials for learning C & C++?

Tutorials are a great way to get started with a new programming language. Even if you are not very familiar with programming itself. The following tutorials will teach you the most important concepts.

C Programming at LearnVern

This comprehensive C programming online course is great for beginners, who vì chưng not necessarily have sầu previous programming experience. It starts from the very basics of C và programming in general and covers advanced topics, such as dynamic memory allocation, tệp tin management, etc.

C++ For C Programmers at Coursera

If you are already familiar with C và want to dip your toes in C++, then this two-part course is perfect for you. This course truly highlights the differences between these two languages and shows you how lớn make the most out of C++.

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C++ Fundamentals at Pluralsight

On the other h&, if you want to start from the basics of C++ & learn it from ground-up, PluralSight has just the tutorial for you. It’s aimed at those who want lớn be more efficient with C++.

C Programming For Beginners at Udemy

This C programming online course is beginner-friendly và perfect for anyone who wants to lớn get started with C on any of the three popular platforms (Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X).

C++ Tutorial for Complete Beginners at Udemy

This course is aimed for anyone who has basic computer knowledge but now wants lớn get inlớn the realm of programming. Arguably, it’s the best way to learn C++ as your first language. Also, if you find game development interesting, this is the course you want khổng lồ start with.

Advanced C++ Programming Training Course at Udemy

Once you are content with your basic C++ programming skills & ready khổng lồ move sầu on to the real giảm giá, you’ll want an advanced tutorial, like this one. The tutorial covers polymorphism, templates, exception handling, streams, containers, algorithms, stacks, và much more.

comp.lang.c Frequently Asked Questions

Sometimes all you need is a rich danh mục of questions và answers that you can quickly look up to lớn get your problems addressed. This isn’t a tutorial per se, but rather a structured phối of frequently asked questions.

C++ Annotations (Version 10.9.2) by Frank Brokken

This web-based tutorial is intended for advanced C programmers (or Perl or Java programmers—anything considered khổng lồ have sầu a “C-lượt thích grammar”) who want khổng lồ transition khổng lồ C++. It continues where the C programming language ends—such as at pointers, memory allocation, và compound types—which makes it a very good C++ programming guide.

Google C++ Style Guide

As you write more elaborate programs while you learn C++ programming, you may quickly run inkhổng lồ maintainability issues. This is where style guides from veteran C++ programmers come in handy. This style guide is maintained by Google.

If the above sầu C/C++ tutorials aren’t enough for you, there are good community-moderated lists of tutorials for learning C và for learning C++.

Can I learn C và C++ by reading books?

Books are a great way learn in-depth about a programming language. With a lot of great explanation of how intricate functionalities of a programming language work, knowledge from a good book on C or C++ can give sầu you the upper edge while using these languages for your projects.

C in a Nutshell: The Definitive Reference (2nd Edition) by Peter Prinz và Tony Crawford

While this book does include a small introduction khổng lồ the C programming language, it’s better suited as a second book if you want to learn to code C. This book provides tips, techniques, examples, và practical advice that will allow advanced developers khổng lồ maximize their capabilities.

The book is divided inkhổng lồ three parts.

The first describes the C language in the strict sense of the term; the second describes the standard library, và the third describes the process of compiling và testing programs with the tools in the popular GNU software collection.

C in a Nutshell is the perfect companion to The C Programming Language by Brian W. Kernighan và Dennis Ritchie (also known as K&R) and destined to lớn be the most reached-for reference book on your desk.

The C Programming Language by Brian W. Kernighan & Dennis Ritchie

This is the second edition of the original Kernighan và Ritchie text.

It’s commonly referred to lớn as the New Testament as it includes the modifications incorporated by the ANSI standard while retaining the nature of the first edition.

The book assumes that the reader has some basic programming knowledge. So if you’re just starting lớn program, và C is the first language, this might not be the ikhuyễn mãi giảm giá book for you. However, you might find these condensed notes on it worthwhile.

This is one of the best ways to lớn get an introduction to C programming, & a must-have—especially if you’re starting your own collection of programming books.

The C++ Programming Language (4th Edition) by Bjarne Stroustrup

Bjarne Stroustrup is the designer of C++ and has written many great books on the topic.

This book is divided inlớn three parts.

The first part provides a tutorial introduction lớn C++ programming.

The second part presents a discussion of kiến thiết & software development issues arising in connection with the use of C++, & the third part is a complete reference manual.

With the popularity of C++, several independent distributors of C++ have sầu come forward, but the book discusses ‘pure C++;’ that is, no implementation-dependent extensions are used.

One of the best ways to lớn learn a programming language is by writing small programs relevant lớn the cống phẩm you study. There are exercises at the over of each chapter lớn apply your newly learned knowledge.

Effective C++: 55 Specific Ways to Improve sầu Your Programs và Designs by Scott Meyers

Building large software with C++ takes design & discipline. If you are serious about C++, this book is a must-read.

It’s an expert’s guide for design of effective sầu classes, functions, templates, and inheritance hierarchies. The book also discusses how C++ is different from other languages and how khổng lồ vì chưng things “the C++ way”.

C++ Primer (5th Edition) by Stanley B. Lippman

The C++ Primer is a great book and will make learning C++ fun. It really is one of the best C++ books out there, but it assumes a lot of familiarity with programming concepts và a proficiency in C.

The latest edition of this book is excellent for programmers who want lớn get the most out of new and advanced features.

C++ FAQs(2nd Edition) by Marshall Phường. Cline

This is a phenomenal book that contains answers to around 500 questions on programming, design, analysis, và testing. It’s not for beginners, but for programmers who have sầu figured out the syntax of the language want to implement them.

If you have sầu questions lượt thích “What is a class invariant?”, “How should I use exceptions?”, “What happens when a destructor is executed?”, then this is the book for you.

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Effective sầu Modern C++: 42 Specific Ways to lớn Improve Your Use of C++11 and C++14 by Scott Meyers

If you’re already experienced with C++, but want lớn chạy thử drive the more recent standards of it, read this book. You will be surprised how much C++ has evolved through these new standards. The book discusses how to lớn make the most effective use of the newer capabilities in C++. (Even though the C++ standard is now up lớn C++17, C++14 is still cutting-edge in many of project contexts.)

Effective STL: 50 Specific Ways to Improve Your Use of the Standard Template Library by Scott Meyers

One of the most amazing aspects of C++ is its Standard Template Library (STL). It’s one of the most powerful features, but it can be quite complex. This book provides 50 awesome tips and 100+ STL algorithms that explore different areas of the STL, making it more approachable for developers just getting started with C++.