Telematics là gì


In its broadest sense, telematics is the joining of two sciences—telecommunications, a branch of technology including phone lines và cables, & informatics such as computer systems. Today, the term is commonly used in reference khổng lồ the telematics solutions utilized in commercial fleet vehicles.

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According lớn Gartner, wireless telematics devices & “blaông chồng box” technologies collect và transmit data on vehicle use, maintenance requirements and automotive sầu servicing. A popular option for modern companies is khổng lồ utilize fleet management software, which is a branch of telematics, to lớn coordinate the vehicles they manage và gain a comprehensive view of the health, profitability and productivity of their entire fleet.

How does telematics work?

At its core, a telematics system includes a vehicle tracking device installed in a vehicle that allows the sending, receiving & storing of telemetry data. It connects via the vehicle’s own onboard diagnostics (ODBII) or CAN-BUS port with a SIM card, & an onboard modem enables communication through a wireless network.

The device collects GPS data as well as an array of other vehicle-specific data và transmits it via GPRS (General Packet Radio Service), 4G Mobile data & cellular network or satellite communication to a centralized hệ thống. The hệ thống interprets the data và enables it to be displayed for over users via secure websites và apps optimized for smartphones and tablets.

The telematics data captured can include location, tốc độ, idling time, harsh acceleration or braking, fuel consumption, vehicle faults, and more. When analyzed for particular events và patterns, this information can provide in-depth insights across an entire fleet.


How are telematics devices installed?

Many modern commercial vehicle manufacturers install embedded GPS tracking and telematics technologies directly in their fleet vehicles. If a vehicle does not come with this technology pre-installed, aftermarket GPS devices are available for installation. These can be battery powered or powered via the vehicle’s own internal electrical system.

Some OEMs, including Volvo, Maông xã, Hino, Ford, and GM, also partner with telematics providers to lớn provide a seamless end user experience. In the coming years, it’s likely that the automotive sầu industry will continue to lớn develop smart cars that use telematics lớn deliver better results for their customers. These systems will also capitalize on the emerging Internet of Things (IoT) landscape that can help connect vehicles to cities & smart traffic technologies.

How can my fleet use telematics systems?

Telematics solutions can integrate with existing applications & systems khổng lồ enable an array of use cases for fleets of all sizes, including:

Vehicle tracking:Vehicles can be tracked using a combination ofGPSsatellites và receivers, GPRS networks và cloud computing. AGPSreceiver downloads information fromGPSsatellites and processes it for use with applications such as driver GPS navigation systems. It also transmits that information via GPRS khổng lồ the web servers used by office-based staff, where it can be used to lớn dispatch the nearest driver khổng lồ a new job.

Trailer và asphối tracking:Fleets can attachGPStrackers khổng lồ trailers & other non-motorized assets to ensure they don"t go missing, as well as use them lớn route drivers directly khổng lồ stationary trailers. Drivers can tag locations in theirGPSunit when unhitching a trailer, and thosecoordinates can be easily passed on, allowing them khổng lồ route directly to lớn the trailer. The system can also be phối up so that an instant alert is sent to a manager"s thiết bị di động device should a trailer or asmix be moved without authorization.

Maintenance improvements: Vehicle maintenance và asphối lifecycle management can be improved by using fleet telematics lớn traông xã hours-of-use records & schedule preventative maintenance, as well as help keep tabs on warranty recovery, engine hour tracking and service records tracking. Fleet managers can decrease expenses và keep vehicles in safe operating condition by staying on top of engine diagnostics, including battery voltage, coolant temperature, powertrain malfunctions, intake valve issues, oxygene sensor problems, & more.

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32% of fleets using fleet management giải pháp công nghệ achieved a positive ROI in less than a year. Find out more such data points in the 2021 Fleet Technology Trends Report. Download now.

Safety tracking:Managers can use fleet telematics to lớn monitor vehicle speed and location, as well as harsh driving events & seat belt use. Telematics provides a digital blueprint of every aspect of a vehicle’s operation, helping fleet managers understvà where improvements can be made in accident prevention measures và driver safety standards.

Insurance risk assessment:Insurance companies can use telematics tomonitor driver behavior, allowing them to more accurately determine risk factors & adjust insurance premiums accordingly. Telematics devicescan also report when a vehicle is used in a location outside a designated area, known as a geofence.

What are the benefits of telematics in fleet management?

Telematics giải pháp công nghệ can help fleets achieve sầu operational improvements in key areas:

Decreased fuel costs: Telematics can help identify areas of waste, such as vehicle idling or fuel slippage, & allow fleet managers lớn address them promptly, which positively impacts fuel efficiency and the bottom line. It also can help management plan the most efficient route for each driver lớn reduce unnecessary mileage.

Improved safety: Continuous feedback regarding driving style và driving behavior lets fleet managers coach drivers và reduce unwanted driving habits such as speeding or harsh braking. Improvements can be made based on actionable, data-based reports that highlight driver performance và tư vấn new safety targets.

Elevated productivity: With near real-time GPS system data, drivers can help avoid traffic delays and plan for inclement weather. Baông xã office managers can quickly và easily attribute any new or additional site visits lớn the nearest vehicle & instruct them on the most efficient route lớn get there.

Better payroll management: By tracking the precise time a vehicle starts at the beginning of the day khổng lồ the moment it shuts down, fleet managers have an accurate, automated record of how long an employee worked. This helps business owners verify that employees are paid accurately for the hours they work while eliminating unnecessary time spent manually matching up timesheets khổng lồ job tickets.

Is telematics expensive?

It depends on the fleet management solution. Bare bones GPS tracking on a map is a relatively cheap option but provides very little actionable insight. Coupling a fully integrated telematics solution with other technologies such as electronic logging devices (ELDs), dashcams, smart route planning, và advanced driver management costs more up front but provides a much bigger ROI.

Better fleet visibility helps take stock of what a fleet has and how it’s being used. Customizable dashboards can make it easy to lớn Review progress towards KPIs or budgets, with near real-time fleet analytics provided by the fleet tracking system. In the long term, GPS fleet tracking can help uncover hidden costs while revealing potential for greater productivity & efficiency throughout an entire organization; which is well worth the investment.

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The future of telematics

Telematics is poised for exponential growth as new applications are developed lớn take advantage of modern GPS units và the widespread use of di động devices. More fleets are recognizing the need khổng lồ monitor fleet activity lớn control costs, boost productivity, improve accountability, and maintain full compliance with government regulations.

As owners look beyond the basic needs in order lớn achieve "increasing integrations into the broader scope of the enterprise, including with Mobile workforce management, ERPhường software, và business management software," telematics will become an integral component of all modern fleet operations.1